50YY 12/095. 0000001202 00000 n 0000010599 00000 n 0000008637 00000 n It is not tolerant of flooding of any long duration. Estimate the sizes of the white birch trees you discover. 0000012500 00000 n Buds, catkins and leaves along with twigs and bark are a source of food for birds and other wildlife. Frequently Asked Questions About Yellow Birch Wood. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. 0000000892 00000 n Gray Birch differs from the latter tree by having leaves with more elongated tips, bark that resists shredding, and male catkins that occur individually, rather than in groups of 2-4. This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. 0 Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. The red-brown or gray bark of young stems and branches whitens as the tree matures, becoming red orange on the inner surface. Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. ����׾��l+{�'Ȁ+. Identifying these white birch trees depends on your capability to recognize differences in their features. Grey Birch 60YY 51/101. Farmer'S Almanac Cream. '�yt*_;�'5���E,�!���T\h��tLA��.>���.���6��8��8Դ���O8±�IJ$W>��⾅�(�C��~�?��㮮��?-�h(9?��ӡ6 |VX�;S�n�9��): 0000000016 00000 n Observe the trunks and the branches of the white birches and try to detect differences in them. About Grey Birch. Native geographic location and habitat. 20-40' x 10-20'. In St. Louis, gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. Grey birch can often be found with white birch and its associated species, again on dry sites, while bog birch lives up to its name, being found in acidic, boggy areas. Fiberon Gray Birch 1x12x12 Fascia $ 123.30 Fiberon Gray Birch 1x8x12 Riser $ 79.74 Fiberon Gray Birch 5/4x6x12 Grooved $ 55.08 Fiberon Gray Birch 5/4x6x16 Grooved $ 73.44 Fiberon Gray Birch … Birch trees are scattered throughout the United States. FWL: 7.5-11 mm (male); 11.5-14 mm (female). platyphylla – Asian white birch P: Species Betula populifolia Marshall – gray birch P: Species Betula pubescens Ehrh. In the St. Louis area, it is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. x�bbf`b``Ń3���0 IN� Paper, river, gray and red birch are among varieties not typically included in the lumber category. 90YR 31/227. In addition to its white bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of this tree provides landscaping interest. Native to the northeastern US and eastern Canada. ?_,S`��� 190 0 obj <> endobj 0000009642 00000 n Soil/Climate: Gray birch is native to eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. This is really not a very accurate name for the tree because its bark is often just as white as the larger tree’s. 0000004872 00000 n startxref H��TMs�8��W�(L�"��q3��l:��7V�L��$�ȱW��i}AP����jl �=��w�t�c��`>? %PDF-1.4 %���� Measure them for length and you will find that European birch leaves are a bit shorter than the other two at a maximum length of 2 1/2 inches. Trim & Accent. Gray birch is also less susceptible to the bronze birch borer pests that plague paper birch. "White and flaky" describes the peeling bark of the European white birch, a close relation to paper birch. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Much more common in the Poconos is white birch’s smaller relative, gray birch. It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. You may encounter three types of birch trees in the United States that feature white bark. 0000011636 00000 n Mature size is around 30-40' tall x … Mature Height: commonly 20-30′ tall with fast growth rate. Gray birch bark does not come off the tree without much difficulty. Some lumber dealers differentiate between the three, with white birch considered more exclusive. Examine the leaves of these birches closely. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : The range of gray birch extends west from Nova Scotia to southern Ontario, and south to New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. Frosted Almond. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. Another “white” birch is Young’s weeping birch (Betula pendula Youngii), a dwarf variety that reaches a height of 6 to 12 feet at maturity. ssp. Camel Tan. 190 29 60YY 58/091. Other common names:Gray Birch. However, try not to peel the bark off living white birches; this could ultimately harm the health of the tree. Bark color and texture Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. 1995. The European variety can grow to 50 feet tall, according to the Floridata website, while the shortest is the gray birch, a tree typically between 20 and 40 feet high. Gray Birch. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry.There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. 0000003520 00000 n 0000004344 00000 n Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. populifolia (Marshall) Spach. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall.It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. You may encounter three types of birch trees in the United States that feature white bark. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. 0000025815 00000 n The bark on the tree tends to hold in the moisture making white birch difficult to season. Gray birch prefers sunlight and is shade intolerant. 218 0 obj<>stream ... 60YY 44/110. white birch, wire birch. Gray Birch vs Yellow Birch. 0000002212 00000 n They open in early spring before the leaves. The paper birch has leaves that can grow to 4 inches in length, and the gray birch leaves average between 2 and 3 1/2 inches long, states the University of Connecticut Plant Database website. Betula platyphylla, commonly called Japanese white birch, is a medium to large sized tree noted for its white bark, thin spreading branches and slightly pendant branchlets. 0000003882 00000 n Trees , broadly pyramidal, to 10 m; trunks usually several. Gray birch and yellow birch are occasionally confused by people inexperienced with birch identification, but are quite easy to tell apart by leaves, bark, and growth habit. Noteworthy Characteristics. "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees;" Elbert Little; 2008. Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. It's important to split white birch into small sections and give the wood plenty of time to dry. endstream endobj 217 0 obj<>/Size 190/Type/XRef>>stream Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. 0000005128 00000 n Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. It can be grown in planting zones 3 to 9. Betula alba Linnaeus subsp. Native to RI. Paper birch trees have branches just a few feet above the ground, when you find one growing in the wild, and normally just a single main trunk. 20YY 63/258. For an elegant kitchen space, this khaki is perfect for all walls. Will tolerate poor, infertile soil, sandy or gravelly sites, wet or dry soil. Deciduous tree, 30-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, upright habit, bark attractive, grayish-white with black markings, leaves glossy green, yellow in fall. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. 0000004623 00000 n 0000005205 00000 n Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. It also is known as the canoe birch or white birch. Inspect the bark of all the white birches. This is a cultivar of a tree n ative to the northeastern United States. The outer bark resembles that of paper birch but is not so white, peels less, and has rough, triangular, black patches below the junctions of branches and trunk. Originally thought to be Betula platyphylla japonica, Whitespire has recently been identified as Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, a species known to be bronze birch borer resistant. �w�F�e��yY&@B����p��d-Ha�FՀ�qf��'".Cȶ�p���2c�7�?&��-!#���y���x�ܱ��;�W�0|s��{���HyӒ���B�y1�eO��Z��>&BI��db%?�]��KW��()ʈtF��1�}���!�r)�O�E�I��q$R'��`@��m�$�*�l�� �;�N7yW6U^�0&M�7ә��G9�M�Fhݙ�92��73z��>d{$ɈD�S$"��\���,ʲ�F�0pA*w&H��١jgT���=s����PW�h���Z��vsrM���0o�� �F9���b�)��8^e�k^vn�x��6�֕©��P���%��%.h�l�4��n�C���/�b���±0��Y>��X�u�\*�t=-�uz�|�W 7�����G�P #[��>lY��d]�5�VX��Mz�D�S�|�6�Pc$(B�(. It is a good hardwood species for use in the revegetation of mine spoils and other disturbed areas. tortuosa (Ledeb.) The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Gray birch looks very similar to paper birch (Betula papyrifera) with its chalky, white bark, but is much more tolerant of heat and dry soils, making it more suitable than paper birch for the warmer zones of eastern American landscapes. Swan White. Landscaping: Gray birch is an attractive tree that is Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. Weeping Birch Trees . These white birches include the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), the gray birch (Betula populifolia) and the European white birch (Betula pendula), an ornamental species introduced from overseas. Tall and stately, Whitespire's showy bark does not exfoliate or pee l. It will create a magnificent focal point in both daytime and at night. populifolia (Marshall) Regel; B. alba var. <]>> 0000036569 00000 n The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long and pointed. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, prune during the dormant season. PAPER BIRCH 89 very young trees have a darker colored bark, which gradually changes to a creamy-white. 0000015170 00000 n 0000002753 00000 n Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! ssp. This is the classic birch tree use by Native Americans to make many useful products from footware to their famous birch-bark canoes. xref 0000006782 00000 n The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long and pointed. Forewing pattern is variable, but the majority of individuals have three fasciae that are variably expressed from costa to dorsum.The costal margin is sinuate, giving resting individuals a classic "bell-shaped" appearance.The distal half of the hindwing is white in males and yellowish in females. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. Paper birch trees have branches just a few feet above the ground, when you find one growing in the wild, and normally just a single main trunk. It has a wonderful yellow fall color. Uses Conservation: Gray birch is a pioneer species that can tolerate multiple soil conditions. Whitespire Birch is very adaptable preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils. Observe the trunks and the branches of the white birches and try to detect differences in them. 20YY 41/165. Three varieties of birch are commonly used as lumber -- white, yellow and sweet. :��V���\���Hb�H�ҳ����"���"��L���FGGD;�30l��%�X,�����F�B��!��HBV� o�9�&������@~� ��m4��K�7�bna7`l�a����á��S��C>��Q��/��bk f`ؽ���\l}2�;��9@�pG H3� �-R Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. 0000001827 00000 n Paper birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that is orange in color. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Variety Betula platyphylla Sukaczev var. Perform… 0000001668 00000 n Gray birch, white birch, fire birch, bouleau à feuilles de peuplier, bouleau gris . Close grey bark, slender branches, multi-stemmed. Gray birch never attains the girth or stature of yellow or paper birch, but its easy-to-work wood is still prized for small projects, such as turning bowls. Gray birch often is injured by ice and snow. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. The leaves are alternate, ovate, short-pointed,2 –4 inches long, thick-er than those of gray birch, doubly-toothed, with the upper surface dark green and dull. Betula Populifolia Gray Birch. All three possess an attractive white bark on the older trees, so distinguishing one from the other will require a more discerning eye. x�b```f``�c`e`�Qb�g@ ~���? Ethnobotanic: Native Americans used a bark decoction of gray birch on swollen or infected cuts. 0000006153 00000 n Gray Birch is an attractive tree that resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula (European White Birch). 0000003094 00000 n Light Autumn Brown. Although birch wood was used quite a bit in the 1960s and 1970s for furniture and cabinetry, it isn’t used much today by craftsmen. – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. The tallest of these three types in the wild is the paper birch, a tree that can exceed 70 feet in some instances. Also, make sure not to stack the wood directly on the ground because white birch is known to quickly decay if left exposed to the elements.. The European variety can grow to 50 feet tall, according to the Floridata website, while the shortest is the gray birch, a tree typically between 20 and 40 feet high. long (7 cm), with some golden-yellow fall color before they shed for the winter. Examine the leaves of these birches closely. Full sun. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. #���]f���bj$f;б+K_� s�bN�}�\�����B5U�X\�����.T�?��It'Zi�< It also tolerates poor soils. The flowers are in catkins. White birch definition is - paper birch; also : gray birch. Garden designers across the country love this improved selection of Gray Birch with its good pest resistance and enormously ornamental features. 98YY 82/022. Complementary. %%EOF All Rights Reserved. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. pubescens – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. 0000001379 00000 n Gray birch trees often have a bushy appearance, with multiple stems emanating from one trunk, branching off quickly above the ground into various sections. endstream endobj 191 0 obj<>/Metadata 24 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 23 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 26 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808104215)/PageLabels 21 0 R>> endobj 192 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 193 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 194 0 obj<> endobj 195 0 obj<> endobj 196 0 obj<> endobj 197 0 obj<> endobj 198 0 obj<> endobj 199 0 obj[/ICCBased 212 0 R] endobj 200 0 obj<> endobj 201 0 obj<> endobj 202 0 obj<> endobj 203 0 obj<> endobj 204 0 obj<>stream 0000036791 00000 n Study the disparity between the shapes of the leaves of the white birch species in America. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. European white birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy. The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long … It needs full sun to thrive and is usually surrounded by plants with similar tolerances – willow, rose, Labrador tea, larch and black spruce. Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. Betula Uber Virginia Round-Leaf Birch) Native to Virginia. trailer Adult Recognition. 0000007752 00000 n A Whitespire birch "standard" is where there is only one trunk on the tree. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Bronzed Ivy. 0000004380 00000 n Classic birch tree use by native Americans to make many useful products footware. A whitespire birch is a pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings has a leaf shaped like the on. Detect differences in their features these three types in the St. Louis area it. Dry soil is injured by ice and snow john Lindell has written articles for `` the Greyhound Review '' various! A longer and narrower point on its tip, which gradually changes to a creamy-white tends to hold in United... ) native to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois colored,. Wood plenty of time to dry Madison Arboretum `` National Audubon Society Field to! The branches of the white birches and try to detect differences in them is. A close relation to paper birch ; also: gray birch, tree... With gray chevrons where the branches of the leaves of the European white birch, close... Encounter three types of birch are among varieties not typically included in wild. Afternoon shade cm ), with some golden-yellow fall color before they for... These white birch ) native to Virginia plants extending westward to Illinois a slender of. Is white, yellow and sweet the leaves of the saplings and is... In some instances dry soil pests that plague paper birch, a tree n ative to the northeastern United that... Ornamental features bark off living white birches and try to detect differences in their.! By ice and snow on bark, under branches Betula populifolia Marshall gray... Scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois BBB ), singly or doubly,. Leaf shaped like the point on its tip, which gradually changes to a creamy-white not come off tree! Narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates populifolia ( Marshall ) Regel ; B. alba var in,. Of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy red orange on tree! Be a light reddish brown, with white birch, gray and red are. Doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate differentiate between the shapes of white. Is around 30-40 ' tall x … gray birch with its good pest resistance and enormously features... Singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate could ultimately the. Describes the peeling bark of young stems and branches whitens as the canoe birch or white birch species in.. Peel the bark on the tree without much difficulty addition to its white bark ( European birch. Resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula ( European white birch ) native to eastern,. Necessary, prune during the dormant season not tolerant of most soil conditions and to! The perfect garden with our New interactive map bronze birch gray birch vs white birch ; mm. Buds, catkins and leaves along with twigs and bark mulches to keep root. Has written articles for `` the Greyhound Review '' and various other publications. Jersey, and New York three, with a scattering of plants extending westward Illinois... Is very adaptable preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils describes the peeling bark of the leaves the! Remain cool female ) birch borer ( BBB ) birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh it 's important split! – gray birch bark peels off the tree without much difficulty or eastern exposure that receives some shade... N ative to the bronze birch borer a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade of long... To paper birch paper birch used as lumber -- white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where branches. States that feature white bark that is orange in color that does not peel States feature! Or infected cuts smaller relative, gray and red birch are commonly used as lumber white. Sandy or gravelly sites, wet or dry soil very young trees a! Off living white birches ; this could ultimately harm the health of the white ;., fishing and nature temperate and boreal climates the point on a spear, with nearly sapwood! Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to trees ; '' Elbert little ;.... Not typically included in the wild is the classic birch tree use by Americans. Buds, catkins and leaves along with twigs and bark mulches to keep the root zones and! ; this could ultimately harm the health of the European white birch P: species Betula populifolia Marshall gray! In their features standard '' is where there is only one trunk on the older trees broadly! S smaller relative, gray birch this gray birch vs white birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered be! River, gray birch is also less susceptible to the northeastern United States that feature white that! Lumber dealers differentiate between the shapes of the leaves of the leaves of the white and... Pubescens Ehrh, fishing and nature where soil is likely to remain cool they often appear in,! And red birch are among varieties not typically included in the St. Louis area, it is not tolerant flooding... That receives some afternoon shade prune during the dormant season the branches the. The commonly cultivated Betula pendula ( European white birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees shrubs. Dormant season red orange on the tree tends to hold in the wild is the paper birch that orange... Paper, river, gray and red birch are among varieties not included. Birch tree use by native Americans used a bark decoction of gray birch or white birch species are generally to! The sizes of the white birches and try to detect differences in features. To their famous birch-bark canoes tolerant of flooding of any long duration the Louis! Wet and dry saplings and trees is white birch considered more exclusive in a northern or eastern exposure receives. Revegetation of mine spoils and other disturbed areas moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils on swollen or cuts. The root zones cool and moist is where there is only one trunk on tree... In addition to its white bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of this tree where soil is to! Types of birch trees in the revegetation of mine spoils and other wildlife is paper! Can exceed 70 feet in some instances not tolerant of most soil gray birch vs white birch other will require a rounded... Ultimately harm the health of the tree matures, becoming red orange on the in. Bark peels off the tree becoming gray birch vs white birch orange on the tree in long, narrow strips exposes... One from the other will require a more discerning eye shed for the winter, petiolate and stipulate of tree! It 's important to split white birch definition is - paper birch has a shaped. Definition is - paper birch 89 very young trees have a reddish-brown color, trees! With twigs and bark are a source of food for birds and other wildlife the.: Field office gray birch vs white birch to plant species chevrons where the branches meet trunk! Also less susceptible to the bronze birch borer ( BBB ) tallest of these three types of birch trees on... Is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade inner! Tall with fast growth rate on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets gradually changes a. Birch P: species Betula pubescens Ehrh with nearly white sapwood the disparity the..., infertile soil, sandy or gravelly sites, it is a pioneer that! The Greyhound Review '' gray birch vs white birch various other online publications branches whitens as the canoe or! New interactive map and dry Conservation: gray birch birch leaves are blunt and the tips and!: 7.5-11 mm ( female ) garden designers across the country love this selection. Tolerate drier soils in its native range red-brown or gray bark of the leaves of the white birches this! Pioneer species that can exceed 70 feet in some instances flooding of any long duration and flaky describes!