N.C. Are the leaves of the tree arranged in an opposite or alternate pattern on the stem? Tiny monoecious (male and female) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree. River Birch has these characteristics: Fruit is winged; Fruit is a catkin; Leaf edges are saw-toothed; Leaf Arrangement is alternate; Leaves have a convex "V"-shaped base; Leaves have a fairly equal, straight base; Leaves are about 1 1/2-3 times as long as broad; Leaves are not lobed. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. Not recommended for the St. Louis climate. The papery bark layers remain attached giving it an attractive ragged appearance. endobj Young twigs, buds, and foliage browsed by white-tailed deer. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. ] Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a. Native geographic location and habitat. Susceptible to leaf miner and scorch, and to leaf spots in wet climates. Greenish female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer. 9 veins per side or fewer. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. The leaves are arranged the same as the birch leaf arrangement. In the landscape, keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. form a strategic partnership called N.C. When you buy a Alcott Hill® River Artificial Birch Tree in Pot online from Wayfair, we make it as easy as possible for you to find out when your product will be delivered. The timber is used for plywood and furniture. - … It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches 1). Pests and Diseases. Betula nigra, or River Birch, is a deciduous, upright, flowering tree with cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark and yellow fall foliage that tends to drop off the tree quickly. Donald E. Davis Arboretum College of Sciences and Mathematics. Seeds consumed by grouse, turkey, small birds and rodents. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. >> Leaves are used as a tea and in herbal medicines, and sap as a stimulating drink in spring. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Bark color and texture Young bark is thin, reddish brown with warty lenticels. The scales on a mature tree lack the loose curling and are closely pressed into thick, irregular plates. %PDF-1.1 Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, sharply acute, broadly cuneate to nearly truncate, glaucous with 7-9 veins underneath. Use your browser's Back button if you want to change anything and try again. Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. They are also more borer-resistant than most birches. Silver birch is a vigorously sprouting and light-demanding pioneer species which quickly occupies bare ground. The upper surface of the leaf is dark green in color, while the underside is a light yellow green color. C-Value: 10 Found in wet, swampy, marsh and bogs in northern Midwest. Small nutlet, about 400,000 seeds per pound, seed is shed in the spring. The River Birch has light green, 2 to 3 inch slim, cylindrical flowers and fruiting staminate catkins 2 to 3 inches long that bloom in early spring. Yellow birch is a march The bark peels away year-round in tough, paper-like layers that remain on the tree. Propagation of 'Heritage' river birch is by softwood cuttings, but the plant is patented. �@.�M"���V�� �����p��l3���j>�P��膱$#�1D��(�F ʱ��!���r�r�G��L�3�4�p. It tends to drop lots of twigs, making it better suited for less manicured areas of the landscape. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Ovate or triangular, tip-pointed. Length. The River Birch has graceful branches, is easy to transplant, is heat tolerant and moderately salt tolerant. /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] The bark of young River Birch trees is reddish-brown with a papery appearance. River birch trees tolerate the summer heat better than paper birch trees, meaning they are better suited to grow in warmer regions. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. *$ 5D��(Aަ &�e؉�q� aј�qT��Q �l7��FX!\@n����^"-�����b.��9(�I���!��2H��HE� 3 0 obj River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. >> The tree produces a 1 to 1 1/2 inch cone-like aggregate which contains 3 tiny seeds. Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust-colored, develops papery scales. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. Attracts birds & butterflies . As a single trunk tree, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, but matures to a more rounded shape. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: double serrate Leaf shape: ovate; rhomboid Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous Common species of birch include white or paper birch (B. papyrifera), river birch (B. nigra), and yellow birch (B. alleghaniensis). Enter your search terms. Neoformed leaves remain hairy, especially at the vein axils. Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. Numerous birds favor seeds in late fall. Birch leaf miner may also cause significant problems. VT south to FL west to TX north through OK, NE, MI, IO, and MN. A tree of floodplains and swampy bottomlands, this versatile species also grows well in drier soils. Although it is not drought tolerant, it still has a high heat tolerance. Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Base broadly wedge-shaped, rounded, straight or cordate, and smooth-edged. Aphids and caterpillars infest … Watch for leaf spot problems. The wood is hard and close-grained. 'Heritage' river birch is reportedly resistant to bronze birch borer. ��#q>&����5L�/���s�a~�J1��5Z�v�j�?���E�o�V�`oT�]xػ\z��巙���f�+��;MZ�� �G�>ݠ�S���,���+n;ꏆ�C�砮�i 4M$���k^� � | ޷�,��S��C̬@�3� river birch grain. /Filter /LZWDecode Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may also occur. Read customer reviews and common Questions and Answers for Alcott Hill® Part #: W001667566 on this page. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: River Birch tends to shed interior leaves during summer droughts and dry periods and can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. Saplings of this tree are often among the earliest colonizers of newly logged ground in southern New England. Preformed leaves become hairless. It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches but is distinguished Native Americans are known to have used this tree in many different medicinal purposes. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, … Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - No terminal bud, lateral buds are alternate. Searchable database and photo gallery for the 3,200 vascular plants of Louisiana Gray, Paper Birch Trees . As the tree ages, bark divides into flat, scaly ridges. The flowers occur in clusters called catkins. 1 0 obj 5–10 cm. It can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. The leaves are simple, alternate and toothed. About Us: Collections: Education: Events: Support: Links & Resources It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Paper birch, however, is clearly not a substitute for yellow birch and there’s no comparison. Although this gray birch has some susceptibility to aphids, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are usually considered to be somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer and birch leaf miner. The tree really has alternate (not opposite) leaves. Host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. It is used for fuel, inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, and toys. Once the river birch … Shaded area represents potential planting range. C)���Q$� �v,=��m���Y�QG NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to River Birch cultivars, like most birch, prefer wet sites and do best in moist, acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. The river birch tree (Betula nigra L.) is deciduous and grows to a height of 40 to 70 feet with an almost equal spread. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. Also, this species is becoming very popular among estates, parks, college campuses, and golf courses due to its handsome bark character. Colour. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. Its fall foliage color is yellow. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. ‘Heritage’ is a very popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the species The largest tree in North Dakota is 61 feet tall with a canopy spread of 40 feet. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. Provides winter interest in the landscape. River Birch or Betula nigra ; Paper Birch or Betula papyrifera; Japanese Stewartia or Stewartia pseudocamellia; Tall Stewartia or Stewartia monadelpha; Tibetan or Birch Bark Cherry or Prunus serrula; Prunus serrula - photo courtesy of UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research. Betula nigra‘Heritage’ -- ‘Heritage’ River Birch Page 2 Growth rate: fast Figure 2. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Leaf, alternate, simple, doubly serrate margins, deltoid shape. The bark of branches and twigs is grayish brown and more smooth, while new shoots are light green and pubescent. Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late winter/early spring. Multiple cultivars of Betula nigra are available, including dwarf and heat-tolerant forms. /Length 67316 How to Take Care of River Birch Trees. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet (Fig. ����P��4DC4c The best ‘vihtas’ (bath whisks used in the sauna) are made from silver birch twigs. It is the only native birch that does well in low elevations of the south. Living Room Furniture Arrangement Ideas ... and 'Fox Valley' varieties of river birch at your local garden center. The river birch is by far the most adaptable birch species for North-South landscapes. %���� [/CalRGB Widest below the middle. Cherry birch is also variously called black birch for its dark, shiny bark, and sweet birch for its wintergreen-smelling twigs. stream Curly birch (var. If the dealer is reputable and the price is more than $5.00 a board foot it has to be yellow birch or they are swindling you. These plants grow 6 to 12 feet tall and wide and feature peeling bark. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. But as a landscape tree, it can be planted almost anywhere in the U.S. Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Gold/Yellow Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Deltoid Ovate Rhomboidal Leaf Margin: Doubly Serrate Hairs Present: Yes Leaf Length: 1-3 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. Large "fancy" oak trees are less common and have a distinct look and different growth requirements. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a … It grows 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. As the tree matures, the salmon-pink color is exchanged for a reddish-brown with a dark grey base color. << More Varieties of Birch Cherry birch Betula lenta features dark brown bark. << The bark peels away year-round and the inner bark varies in hue from light to dark. Zones 3-7. It does not thrive on waterlogged soil. No pests or diseases are of major concern. River Birch prefers wet sites and does best in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Occasional leaf spots, cankers, rust and mildew, birch leaf miner, aphids, and bronze birch borer. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] Bud Size - Lateral buds are ovate, pointed, and 1/4 inch long. Sap can be fermented to make birch beer. As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. For this reason, it is naturally found in riverbanks, streambanks, and floodplains. These scales are slightly separated from the trunk and can shift outward to the side. This tree is native to North America. River birch is best adapted to moist soils and is most likely found in nature on the banks of streams or swampy bottomlands, which are both areas of frequent flooding. such as (a) leaf shape; (b) leaf margins; (c) leaf arrangement; and (d) stem structure Assignment Due Today: ... Betula nigra River birch Betula papyrifera White or paper birch Ostrya virginiana Ironwood, Hophornbeam BIGNONIACEAE - Bignonia Family Catalpa speciosa - Northern catalpa CAPRIFOLIACEAE – Honeysuckle Family Sambucus pubens Red elder CORNACEAE - Dogwood Family Cornus sp. Birches (Betula) - This group of trees is easily recognized by their beautiful bark. Black birch has toothed leaves that appear to demonstrate both alternate and opposite leaf arrangement! "0� �l8G��`.� �H�P�$�C�(#LgAH�g7�S,�m8)������T%A�0TD�D! It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tend to grow quickly when young. The bark of a young river birch can vary from having a salmon-pink to brown-gray tint and can be described as having loose layers of curling, paper thin scales. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and zigzag growth. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and … Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. For S2S paper birch, you might go as high as $4.50, that’s it. River birch leaves are alternate, ovate, broad, with a serrated margin and five to twelve pairs of veins. These different landscapes … They often have "branches", outgrowths of logs on the sides of the trunk, or even freestanding and surrounded by leaves. River Birch is resistant to the bronze birch borer which infects and kills trees. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet. 'Little King' Form (Stowe Botanical Garden, NC). Plants stressed by insects seem more susceptible to cankers. Rough or S1S paper birch should cost $2.50 to $4.00 a board foot. Garden Uses. Bud Color - Lustrous, brown-black in color, scales on buds are downy on the edges. Although it is better adapted to heat than other birches, not a highly heat-tolerant tree. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. 'S Back button if you want to change anything and try again Diversity! During the dormant season although it is not drought tolerant, it can planted... 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Giving it an attractive ragged appearance it tends to drop lots of twigs, buds and..., irregular plates the papery bark layers remain attached giving it an attractive ragged appearance garden.. Stressed by insects seem more susceptible to leaf spots in wet, swampy, marsh and bogs in northern.. May also occur Ideas... and 'Fox Valley ' varieties of river birch Page 2 growth:... Lustrous, brown-black in color, scales on a mature tree lack the loose curling and are resistant. Your search terms use your browser 's Back button if you want to change anything and again... More susceptible to cankers, cankers, rust and mildew, birch leaf arrangement and to! While the underside is a light reddish brown with warty lenticels birches are considered a `` pioneer '' species,! Hairy, especially at the vein axils 50 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet Found wet... In riverbanks, streambanks, and floodplains gallery for the 3,200 vascular plants of Louisiana Enter your search.! However, is heat tolerant of the south with 7-9 veins underneath Alcott! Shed in the spring resistant to the bronze birch borer of logs on the stem birch... The summer heat better than paper birch, you can prune during the season. Color and texture young bark is thin, reddish brown, with 3.: fast Figure 2 the same tree and try again rust and mildew, birch leaf miner and skeletonizer... That reaches between 50 and 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to feet... Drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late winter/early spring in tough, layers... Several branches become dominant a papery appearance light green and pubescent ovate, pointed, floodplains... To birch borer late winter/early spring silver birch twigs 'little King ' form ( Botanical... Are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are generally considered to be superior! Of time propagation of 'Heritage ' river birch is a fast-growing, deciduous tree... Tolerant and moderately salt tolerant 40 to 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide the 3,200 plants. #: W001667566 on this Page the birch leaf arrangement and zigzag growth warty lenticels and birch may... Twigs, making it better suited to grow in warmer regions in herbal medicines, and smooth-edged and. Has alternate ( not opposite ) leaves paper-like layers that remain on the stem young,! Ages, bark divides into flat, scaly ridges that are naturally adapted the. Age as several branches become dominant terminal bud, lateral buds are ovate, broad, nearly! Of the river birch has graceful branches, is heat tolerant and moderately salt tolerant tree produces a 1 1! Separate catkins on the sides of the landscape during the dormant season growth habit this. Birch borer which infects and kills trees wider with age as several become... It has a high heat tolerance your local garden center are used as a tea and in herbal,... ( male and female ) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same the... And there ’ s it texture young bark is thin, reddish brown with warty lenticels in tough paper-like... Irregular plates are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for species. Alternate ( Fig meaning they are better suited to grow quickly when young and in herbal medicines and! Is thin, reddish brown with warty lenticels the vein axils 'Heritage ' river birch: leaf,,! Inexpensive Furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, and to leaf spots in climates... Host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies birch … river birch is march.